William Shakespeare (1564 – 1616) – born in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England and nicknamed “The Bard”, and was an English poet and playwright. In his lifetime he wrote 38 plays, 2 narrative poems, 154 sonnets and many other poems. He was regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and he is still revered to date; inspiring festivals and special events. Some of his famous works include Hamlet, Romeo & Juliet, and Macbeth among many others.
Mark Twain (1835 – 1910) – born Samuel Langhorne Clemens, he went by the pen name of Mark Twain and was an American writer. He is most known for his novels The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, and A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court among others. He has been named “the father of American literature”.
Jane Austen (1775 – 1817) – was an English novelist. She is most famous for her novels, Sense and Sensibility, Pride and Prejudice, Mansfield Park, and Emma being her most famous novels; with two others published after her death and one of which she never completed before her death. Three of her novels have been made into Hollywood movies.
The Bronte sisters: Charlotte Bronte (1816 – 1855), Emily (1818 – 1848), Anne (1820 – 1849) – were all English writers in the 1840s and 1850s. They started as poets under pseudonyms in 1846 but then they all wrote a novel each: Jane Eyre (Charlotte Bronte), Wuthering Heights (Emily Bronte), Agnes Grey (Anne). Emily unfortunately died before completing another novel. Anne published The Tenant of Wildfell Hall in 1848 and then passed away. Charlotte wrote Shirley in 1849 and Villette in 1853 with her very first novel The Professor being published after her 1855 death. Emma, also written by Charlotte, was published in 1860 but is considered unfinished.
Louisa May Alcott (1832 -1888) – an American novelist who is most famous for her novel Little Women. Later she wrote Good Wives in 1869, Little Men in 1871, and Jo’s Boys in 1886; and all these novels were in part a sequel of Little Women. She continued to write other novels which were all well received. Little Women in recent years was made into a Hollywood movie.
Lewis Carroll (1832 – 1898) – also went by the pen name of Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, was an English author who also had other careers. He is most recognized for Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland and it’s sequel Through the Looking Glass, as well as nonsensical poems such as Jabberwocky and The Hunting of the Snark. He was also an inventor who invented a game today named Scrabble and Word Ladder (which he called Doublet), among other inventions.
D. H. Lawrence (1885 – 1930) – born David Herbert Richards Lawrence, was an English author and literary critic whose opinions were very controversial for the time. His first novel was The White Peacock followed by an autobiography Sons and Lovers, and The Trespasser in 1911. In 1915 he was investigated for what was viewed as obscenity in The Rainbow and Women in Love. He also wrote numerous other works including essays and short stories.
Charles Dickens (1812 – 1870) – born Charles John Huffam Dickens, and also went by the pen name “Boz”. He was an English novelist who’s first novel was The Pickwick Papers in 1836. His most notable works include Oliver Twist followed by A Christmas Carol, A Tale of Two Cities, David Copperfield, and Great Expectations among many others.
Lucy Maud (L.M.) Montgomery (1874 – 1942) – was a Canadian author. She started with over 100 short stories in magazines and newspapers from 1897 – 1907. Montgomery is best known for her beloved series of novels involving a red headed orphan girl named Anne “with an E”. Her first novel was Anne of Green Gables (1908) and several other “Anne” based books followed. The final “Anne” novel was Anne of Ingleside (1939) and followed them with a collection of short stories until her death. Since that time she has left a legacy with a tourist area on Prince Edward Island, Canada, a T.V. Miniseries: Anne of Green Gables, and two T.V. series: Emily of New Moon and Road to Avonlea.
Alexandre Dumas, père (1802 – 1870) – was born Duman Davy de la Pailletene and was a French writer. He wrote articles for magazines and plays for the theatre starting in 1829 with Henry III and His Court and followed with other plays and essays. He released the famous novels The Count of Monte Cristo and The Three Musketeers and all it’s sequels, as well as other novels. In June 2005, another novel, The Knight of Sainte-Hermine, was discovered and published in France.